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Projects in cooperation with NIERSC and related to EuRuCAS activities:

 

MONARCH-A (Monitoring and Assessing Regional Climate Change in High Latitudes and the Arctic) - EU FP7 project (2010 - 2012), occupies an extremely important niche in the current structure of Earth observations projects at high latitudes. Adopting an Earth system approach the MONARCH-A project executes systematic provision of tailored information and products to assist climate change research. MONARCH-A generates and make available reliable, up-to-date scientific input for the elaboration and implementation of European and international policies and strategies on climate change and society.

http://monarch-a.nersc.no/

MAIRES (Monitoring Arctic land and sea ice using Russian and European satellites) - EU FP7 project (2011 - 2014), develops methodologies for satellite monitoring of Arctic glaciers, sea ice and icebergs. Methodologies to retrieve quantitative information from the ESA and RKA data will be developed, and examples of satellite derived products for each of the three thematic areas will be presented. The main satellite data are Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR), optical and infrared images, radar altimeter data, passive microwave data and geoid data from GOCE. Results from the proposal can contribute to improved understanding of climate change and provide useful data for scientists, policy-makers and the general public. The MAIRES project will demonstrate the benefits of combining Earth Observation data from European and Russian satellites for operational mapping, interpretation and forecast of land and sea ice variations in the Eurasian Arctic. Satellite-derived data collected over many years can show seasonal and interannual variability of land ice, sea ice and icebergs. The results will be disseminated to users groups including climate research and operational users. The project will establish cooperation between ongoing GMES projects related to the cryosphere and Russian scientists, users and stakeholders.

http://maires.nersc.no/

SIDARUS (Sea ice downstream services for Arctic and Antarctic Users and Stakeholders) - EU FP7 project (2011 - 2013). The demand for improved sea ice information in the Arctic and Antarctic by many user groups is growing as a result of climate change and its impact on environment and human activities. The presently observed reduction of the Arctic sea ice extent, in particular during the summer months and an increasing demand for natural resources are key mechanisms driving human activities in these areas. In Antarctic, ice discharge from several ice shelves is a significant climate indicator, leading to enhanced iceberg population in the Southern Ocean.

http://www.nersc.no/project/sidarus

MyOcean-2 (Prototype Operational Continuity for the GMES Ocean Monitoring and Forecasting Service) - EU FP7 project (2012 - 2014). The main objective of the MyOcean2 project is to operate a rigorous, robust and sustainable Ocean Monitoring and Forecasting component of the GMES Marine Service (OMF/GMS) delivering ocean physical state and ecosystem information to intermediate and downstream users in the areas of marine safety, marine resources, marine and coastal environment and climate, seasonal and weather forecasting. This is highly consistent with the objective of the FP7 Space Work Programme to support a European Space Policy focusing on applications such as GMES (Global Monitoring for Environment and Security), with benefits for citizens, but also other space foundation areas for the competitiveness of the European space industry.
MyOcean2 produces and delivers services based upon the common-denominator ocean state variables that are required to help meet the needs for information of those responsible for environmental and civil security policy making, assessment and implementation. MyOcean2 is also expected to have a significant impact on the emergence of a technically robust and sustainable GMES service infrastructure in Europe and significantly contribute to the environmental information base allowing Europe to independently evaluate its policy responses in a reliable and timely manner.

http://www.myocean.eu.org

 

COMPLEX (Knowledge Based Climate Mitigation Systems for a Low Carbon Economy) - EU FP7 project (2012 - 2016). The science of complex systems distinguishes linear from non-linear dynamics. Simpler systems can often be satisfactory described by linear models, but complex systems require non-linear models that can capture more of the characteristics of such systems, such as thresholds, feedback loops, avalanche effects, and irreversibility. Linear systems can be validated by aligning models to the past and using the model to predict the future. Non-linear systems, however, are often time-asymmetric - they can be explained with the wisdom of hindsight, but are not always predictable. For example, systems may respond sharply to minor perturbations, and the quality of this response is a measure of the system resilience. In practice, non-linear dynamics are significant both at the micro-scale of small history and at the macro-scale of deep time. The brilliant young scientist, for example, may experience a series of epiphanies that change his/her understanding and behaviour in an unpredictable and irreversible way. The scientific community as a whole may experience an innovation-cascade that has a similar effect on a much larger scale.

http://www.complex.ac.uk/

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